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ENT Update

Skull base surgical expertise for the youngest patients

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center boasts one of the nation’s only surgeons trained in both pediatric otolaryngology and skull base surgery, bringing highly specialized expertise for complicated cases.

Among children, skull base tumors and lesions of any kind are rare, making skull base surgery a highly unusual procedure for most pediatric otolaryngologists. For this reason, many children with these health problems end up being treated by adult surgeons—often in adult institutions, with equipment and anesthesiology care designed for adult patients.

Assistant Professor of Surgery in Otolaryngology at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Dr. Meghan Wilson, says, “There are many subtleties to taking care of children.” Dr. Wilson is one of less than a handful of U.S. physicians fully trained in both pediatrics and skull base surgery.

“Some of it is just the approach to management of the patient in the clinic before and after surgery to make the child comfortable. But some of it is specific, like how quickly blood loss becomes serious during an operation, whether standard scopes comfortably fit in the nose for an examination or how well they can tolerate their nose being packed after surgery.”

These pediatric-specific care issues are just the beginning. Until about 10 years ago, there were no specialized instruments designed small enough to spare children the discomfort of an open incision for procedures routinely done endoscopically in adults. This resulted in longer recovery times and greater disruption to patients’ lives.

Dr. Meghan Wilson examines a young girl using a rhinolaryngoscope. Dr. Wilson wears a white physician’s coat and holds the handle of the tool in one hand and aims the small camera tube up the patient’s nose with the other. The patient has long, dark hair and is looking at Wilson while sitting upright in an examination chair. The video picture created by the instrument’s light can be seen on a monitor in the background.

Dr. Meghan Wilson uses a flexible rhinolaryngoscope to examine in detail the nasal cavity and sinuses of a young patient at Penn State Children’s Hospital.

To ensure appropriate care for pediatric patients, Wilson uses special pediatric surgical equipment, which enables minimally invasive surgery in many patients. She also works with a team of skull base experts, including pediatric nurses and anesthesiologists, neurosurgeons, plastic surgeons, ophthalmologists, radiation oncologists, radiology staff and more.

“Because skull base tumors affect the nose, sinuses and eyes near the brain, patients come to us through multiple specialties based on their early symptoms, such as visual changes, headaches, nasal obstruction or sinus infections,” says Wilson. “We all collaborate in early care, then all of the skull base surgeries are typically handled by both ENT and neurosurgery combined. We always work together because it’s on the bridge of our two specialties.”

For her pediatric skull base surgery patients, all operations and post-surgical care take place at Penn State Children’s Hospital. Wilson also performs adult skull base surgery and all common ENT procedures in both adults and children, including tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, neck masses, sinus surgery, ear tubes and more.

A head-and-shoulders photo of Meghan Wilson, MD

Meghan Wilson, MD

Assistant Professor of Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery
Phone: 717-531-6822
Fellowship: Cranial base surgery, Northwell Health, New York; Pediatric otolaryngology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Residency: Otolaryngology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans; Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans
Medical School: Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans
Connect with Meghan Wilson, MD, on Doximity

The Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery at Penn State Health offers an advanced team of surgeons and providers to treat disorders of the ear, nose and throat.

The department is made up of fellowship-trained experts in pediatric ear, nose and throat disorders, facial plastic surgery, head and neck cancer surgery, skull base surgery and ear surgery, offering the most innovative and advanced treatments for patients’ ear, nose and throat concerns.

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